Growing a Romas Tomato Plant

Do you have a dream of becoming a tomato farmer? If so, you should consider growing a profitable tomato crop, since tomatoes are the most popular food crop grown in the United States. The key to a successful tomato garden is knowledge and planning. A few simple tomato plant guides will help even the novice gardener to get started and become an expert at the fruit-bearing plant. Here are some of the more important tomato garden tips:

How to Plant Tomatoes: There are several different ways to plant tomatoes. Many gardeners use large, leaved determinate tomatoes (Plum tomatoes, Paprika or Mounana) in large, vase-like containers. Other gardeners prefer large, dwarf determinate tomatoes (Papulkas, Beefsteak or Roma) in small, round containers. Although dwarf tomato varieties do not have as much taste as their larger cousins, they are a good choice for those who like eating larger varieties but not needing as much taste.

Growing Tomatoes in Soil: Before planting a tomato crop, it is important to prepare the soil. This preparation not only gives the plant nutrients and moisture it needs for optimal growth, but also improves the water-soil ratio, making the soil less acidic. Soilling the soil prior to planting encourages the roots to deep penetrate the soil and take root, therefore, providing the tomatoes with the most amount of nutrients possible. It is also a good idea to add fertilizer to the soil around the seedling tomatoes once they begin to show leaves.

Full Sun Vs Shade: While full sun tomatoes flourish in southern states, they are often affected by cold winters. If you live in a colder climate where full sun is not an option, grow them in shaded areas, making sure to keep the area around the tomato plant shaded, no matter what time of year it is. The best times to plant them are late spring and early fall, when the days are warm and the temperatures are cooler. In areas that do get full sun, be aware that during the summer months, they will need to be moved frequently if they are to escape the hottest parts of the day. On days when the temperatures are cool, they can still thrive, but need to be moved more often.

Sow And Plant: When you’re ready to plant, you will want to sow at least one good-size tomato seeds in each pot. If you’re not sure how to do this, consult your local garden center for instructions. Then, gently place the pots in your chosen spot, keeping in mind that your garden center may have specific recommendations for where to place the pots. Once you have the plants in place, you can begin to dig a hole that is as deep as the pot itself, using a shovel to level off the soil in your new hole.

To ensure consistent growth, transplant them about two feet into the hole each month. If you leave the roots in the hole, you should cover them with a tomato glove soon after the first set of leaves appear. The main problem with determinate tomato growers is that their seedlings don’t stay in one place. As long as the ground is warm and they are moved often enough, they’ll continue to take off and turn into runners.

Grow and Harvest: After the tomatoes ripen and begin to appear in the market, you’ll want to pick and pack them quickly. It’s best to do this right after you cut the vines back. If you wait too long, they’ll end up gathering water and losing steam. If you’re going to harvest your tomatoes before the hard work is done, move them immediately to a location that is out of the way so no one else can touch them. Otherwise, all that hard work will be for nothing. You’ll be frustrated, hungry and home with wet tomatoes instead of the delicious, sweet and sour variety.

Make a paste with the tomato seeds and the juice from the last few leaves. Paste tomatoes make great tomato snacks and you can store the paste in airtight containers for up to two weeks. When the tomatoes start to soften and turn yellow, it’s time to pick them and spread the seeds on any number of foods to enjoy whenever you want. Keep in mind that these versatile fruits can go with practically any dish and that with the right preservation techniques, you can even store roma tomatoes for up to three months.