How To Protect Your Bush Beans Plant From Bean Pests

There are two kinds of legumes: pole beans vs. bush beans. Find out which is the right type to plant, how to grow beans properly and get useful tips for harvesting the beans as well. Both varieties of beans are members of the annual bean family and come in the wax bean family. They have a hardy nature that allows them to thrive in many areas of the country. These legumes typically taste better if they have a higher season rating, about 160 days, but can be stored for much longer if they are stored in the freezer.

Before planting seeds, make sure you have at least four inches of either gravel or soil to act as a base for your seedlings. It is best if you prepare the bed prior to the rains so that the moisture levels are not too high. Once the soil is ready, plant the seeds about one to two inches deep, using medium thickness seed mixes. If your soil has a clay content, it is a good idea to add one tablespoon of lime per 5-inch pot. When the seeds are planted, shallow water is sprayed on the surface to help the seedlings settle and prepare for their transition into the ground.

When the weather turns warm, the seeds will begin to sprout. To encourage even growth and maximize the number of seeds you plant, fertilize in the spring using a good organic matter fertilizer. This organic matter comes from grass clippings, coffee grounds, and other organic matter rich things found in your garden. Make sure you read the package instructions carefully to make sure you use the correct amount.

When the green beans reach about a fourth of an inch in height, they are ready to be harvested. If the pods are developed, carefully pull them from the plant and keep them away from your vegetable garden. Harvest the green beans carefully as air pockets develop in the pods that will help the bean germinate. You can harvest the green beans at any time except for the winter.

Once the plants reach a mature size for picking, the best time to pick is in late spring. Harvest them on both sides while the seedlings are still high. This allows the tiny seeds to get plenty of sun and air exposure during the warm months before you frost.

Once you have harvested the beans, it is important to thoroughly clean the plant in order to remove all of the large seeds. If you plan to replant the bean plant back into your garden, you need to make sure that it has been totally cleaned. Any seeds still in the soil can cause problems later. Once the plant has been cleaned, store it in a cool, dark place, making sure there are no leaves or dirt within easy reach.

Another way to protect your garden from bean pests is to control the number of vines that are growing. Vines can attract pests like slugs, snails and beetles. If vines are not controlled, they will feed on the beans which can eventually destroy them. You can control vine growth by removing old canes and tying them up with string.

Bush beans don’t typically require any fertilizer. You will notice your soil getting slightly sandy as the plant begins to produce beans in the spring. Fertilizer should be applied to the area only in the spring, when the soil is moist. In addition to fertilizers, you can use compost, worm castings, herbal remedies and other organic matter in your garden. These organic matter can help the plant to produce healthy seeds and capsules. Bush bean plants do not do well without consistent, timely feeding.