When deciding how to plant vegetables, one of the key factors is the type of soil and plants you have available to start with. You should choose crops that will grow best in the type of soil and with the kind of climate you live in. Raised beds are an ideal solution for growing a wide variety of vegetables because they offer a controlled environment, giving you a better chance of getting the desired results. The following home vegetable garden guide provides several ideas on how to choose the best crops for your raised beds.
If you live in a colder climate that experiences frost during the winter months, garlic and zucchini are ideal crops to cultivate. These two plants can stay green throughout the year, making them great choices for your gardens. However, there are certain growing conditions you should watch out for. Keep an eye out for weeds that sprout thickly around the garlic and zucchini plants. White-tailed deer and cats also prefer this kind of crop, so it’s important to place them far enough away from the main vegetable crops so they cannot harm them.
When planting your garden in the spring, keep your eyes open for signs of weeds. Cut these plants back to avoid attracting too much attention to them and set them in loose soil near your seedlings. You may also want to use weed barriers at this time as well. To prepare the soil for the next growing season, work it until it is slightly moist but not fully saturated. This will help the plants have a good root system to begin with, helping them produce healthy produce all season long.
In early spring, squash, pumpkins, and eggplant should be graced your garden. When the weather turns warm, you can expect to harvest tomatoes, peppers, and onions. Be careful about using pesticides and fertilizers on these crops. If you do, use sparingly. Grow them in groups of four or five in containers and spread them out so that each plant gets ample sunlight. They will enjoy being right in the hot sun all day long.
It is best to avoid growing food in the garden in the winter months as it can become too cold for most vegetables. The vegetables that you should grow in raised beds during the colder months are peas, spinach, broccoli, carrots, and corn. It’s better to grow your vegetables in a small space because they need less space to get the sunlight they need to grow healthy. You can move the vegetables around if you have to, but be sure to only move the best growing food.
One great vegetable to grow in a raised bed is garlic. It is a tough crop to grow, but when you prune it, you’ll find that it produces thick cloves that come ready to pierce your food. Garlic will also keep pests like bugs and snails away. There are different varieties of garlic that can be grown like the baby garlic, which is lower in fat and salt, or the regular type. Both varieties of garlic will grow to about three to six inches.
Cabbages are another great vegetable that you can grow in a raised bed. This vegetable will produce soft, green stems just after the harvest time. Cabbages like cool weather and are great for the beginning gardener. It is best to start the garden in a sunny location in the fall with a deep and cool growing medium, like blood meal, followed by a layer of gravel at the bottom to help the nutrients move into the soil.
Another great vegetable to grow in a bed is carrots. This vegetable comes in a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes and grows well with a variety of crops. Because carrots are vines that need a good deal of space, they are best planted in groups of four to six. If you are planning an extensive or full landscape to include carrots, make sure you have enough space to support all the plants.